Monday, October 17, 2005

22.3] Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

Compare this text to Thomas Jefferson's Declaration. How do they differ?

5 comments:

hbispham said...

Jefferson's "Declaration" is essentially a call to arms, intended to provoke colonists and British enemies alike into a cohesive defense against the British Empire. It is essentially a list of simultaneous grievances and demands. Although the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen" does borrow from Jefferson's style and tone (not to mention title), the two documents differ significantly. The "Declaration of the Rights of Man" is a document that was drafted by the representatives of the French National Assembly, who called upon Jefferson's listing method in order to compose a series of vows, promising to uphold the freedom and happiness of every citizen. In essence this document more closely resembles the preamble to the Constitution of the U.S. (the ever-exploited Bill of Rights)

Jamie Perez said...

The differences between the two Declaration's was that our's basically explains how an American should be and what we should stand for comapred to the other one that is more or less a list. Interesting, and good in it's own. I found it to be very assertive. It's basically a list on how they should live. For a document to represent a country, it didn't seem to proper or serious. It's almost as if you can see the difference between the two reagrding the effort and thought that one was put forth compared to the other.

Lucas Marlone said...

Presentation on Chapter 22.3 Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.

This declaration was inspired by the American Declaration written in 1776 by Thomas Jefferson, with the French version written in 1789, acting as a preamble to a constitution to be drawn up by the National Assembly. This was all presented to Louis XVI to ratify. However, the National Assembly became mired down in internal disputes and failed to draw up a constitution until 1791. The newer version was titled the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Woman.

This declaration contains all of the principles upon which the French Revolution was based on, and is an outline of the government that was to be created by a constitution. It contains 17 principles. Besides Jefferson, the declaration drew heavily on the language of Rousseau. Ultimately Louis XVI refused to accept the declaration, which led to uprisings with angry crowds ( mostly women), who marched on Versailles and forced the king to return to Paris. The second version was written in 1791 by Olympe de Gouges.

The representatives of the French people organized as a national assembly, and believed that the ignorance, neglect and hatred towards the rights of man are the sole causes of public strife and of the corruption of governments. They determined to set forth a declaration, and adress the importance of the inalienable and sacred rights of man, in order that this declaration shall remind them continually of their rights and duties; and serve as a way to tend to the happiness of all and equal rights among citizens. The National Assembly recognized and proclaimed in the presence of the "Supreme Being," the declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen.

Passed around the class was a summary of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.

1- Equal rights.
2- Political associations purpose to preserve the rights of man
3-The nation over individuals, as authority.
4- Liberty, and its definition.
5- Law prohibits actions that are harmful to society.
6-Law is the expression of the general will.
7-No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in cases according to the law.
8-The law provides punishments only that are absolutely necessary, judged before the commission.
9- All persons are to be held innocent until declared guilty.
10- No one shall be disquieted on the account of their opinions.
11- Free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious rights of man.
12- Security of the rights of man and of the citizen requires public military force.
13- Contributions are necessary for the maintenance of the public forces and for the cost of administration.
14- All the citizens have a right to decide either personally or by their representatives as to the necessity of the public contribution.
15-Society has the right to require an account of every public agent's administration.
16- A society in which the observance of the law is not assured nor the separation of powers defined has no constitution at all.
17-Property is a sacred right, and no one shall be deprived.


QUESTIONS

1) How does this differ from Jefferson's Declaration. Compare the two.

Jefferson poses similar points which enable man to enjoy life, that they are created equal, and to be entitled to the pursuit of life, liberty, and happiness, because they're entitled to that by a divine power, "God," and the laws of nature. Jefferson also stresses the necessity of the governments to be just, and gives the people the right to overthrow a corrupt government. Jefferson offered the history of the King of Great Britain and his repeated injuries and tyrannical nature.

2) Does the above passage recognize a class system? Describe it and explain its purpose.

It doesn't clearly label and state the classes directly, but it does offer evidence of a governing class, in charge of the institutions and offices over the general public, though everyone is equally entitled to run for positions of influence. Offering help and service to the poor, with charity as well is evident.

3) What does the Declaration say about taxes?

It says that a common contribution is essential for the maintenance of the public forces and for the cost of administration, which should be distributed equally among all the citizens in proportion to their means, and each citizen has a right to decide personally or by their representatives as to the necessity of the public contribution. To grant it freely, to know what uses it is put, and to fix the proportion, the mode of assessment, and of collection and the duration of the taxes.

cecerej1 said...

Copied from Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence; the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen was supposed to be signed for the equality of citzens in France by the King during the French Revolution. Although it was not signed it did serve as a basis for what the third estate wanted as well as propaganda. THe Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen inteded to eliminate the current unfair monarchial government and (although could be used with monarchy) was to allow a more free and liberal citizen. Interestingly which was a problem at the time was the seperation of Church and State like the Americans in this way people are free to be part of a working society and government and still have the freedom of religion. This is interesting today because now the Islam groups in France have freedom however are being neglected from the French society. One of the reasons for the riots in France.

Filippo M. said...

The French people believed that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man were the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments. It was an attempt from the French people to stand up to the monarchist government and demand for rights, which could have been fueled by the Jefferson’s Declaration of independence in America.
Riots and angry crowds were the outcome of what happened when King Louis VXI refused to sign the declaration. As we saw with the women’s march to Versailles, the woman of France came together to protest and send King Louise back to Paris. These events are closely related to the situation that is occurring today in France. The minorities in France are being treated with the same ignorance and neglect that the French people of the 1700’s were facing. The same type of rioting is occurring with people destroying property. Has France put aside their Declaration, which they once worked hard to put in place?